During the McGuinness Institute’s recent TalentNZ Tour, we were fortunate to meet many interesting people. Not only did we hear some great ideas about how New Zealand can build a talent-based economy, but also some great suggestions for Nation Dates – including the establishment of the Council for Volunteer Service abroad in 1962.
1962: Council for Volunteer Service Abroad established
The Council’s purpose is to send volunteers abroad on two-year assignments to places in need of aid. The Council is established in 1962, after a meeting attended by representatives from 30 organisations.
To find out more:
Gully, J. S. (1966). Volunteer Service Abroad. In Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved April 16, 2014: from: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/1966/volunteer-service-abroad
Here at the Institute we were excited to hear about Eleanor Catton’s Man Booker Prize success and we think it could potentially be a great date to include in the third edition of Nation Dates.
2013 Eleanor Catton wins Man Booker Prize
Eleanor Catton becomes the youngest ever winner of the prestigious Man Booker Prize for her novel The Luminaries – the longest book ever to win the award. The only other New Zealand novel to receive the prize is Keri Hulme’s The Bone People in 1985.
To find out more:
Kiwi Eleanor Catton wins Man Booker Prize. New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 11 November, 2013 from: http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=11140469
With the launch of the Institute’s TalentNZ Initiative, education has been very much at the forefront of our thinking. The development of our education system is an important story in our history; one that has affected all New Zealanders. Listed below are some potential dates we have identified to add to Thread 52 (Education and knowledge) in the third edition of Nation Dates.
1870 The University of New Zealand founded
The University of New Zealand is established under the University of New Zealand Act 1870. The University is the degree-granting body for all New Zealand universities. With the exception of the University of Otago which retains its name, the universities are known as ‘university colleges’ and include what would later become the universities of Auckland, Canterbury and Victoria. The University of New Zealand is disestablished in 1961.
To find out more:
University of Otago. History and governance of the University of Otago. Retrieved 11 November, 2013 from: http://www.otago.ac.nz/about/history/
Victoria University of Wellington. Victoria’s history. Retrieved 11 November, 2013 from: https://www.victoria.ac.nz/about/victorias-story/history
University of Auckland. Our history. Retirieved 11 November 2013 from: http://www.auckland.ac.nz/uoa/home/about/the-university/university-history/uoa-our-history
1877 Education Act
The Act introduces New Zealand’s first free and compulsory national system of primary education. Approximately 730 schools are administered by regional education boards, 78% are rural with only one or two teachers.
To find out more:
Swarbrick, N. Country schooling – Getting an education: 1800s. In Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 11 November, 2013 from: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/country-schooling/page-1
1914 Education Act
The act introduces free secondary education for all those who pass a proficiency exam – known as the ‘free place system’. The system limits the previous autonomy of the secondary schools, as growing student numbers increase reliance on the central department for grants and the requirements of the entrance exam result in the beginnings of a standardised curriculum.
To find out more:
McLintock, A. H. Education evolution of present system: A new Education Act. In Te Ara –the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrievedhttp://www.teara.govt.nz/en/1966/education-evolution-of-present-system/page-4
1930 Atmore Report published
Written by the Minister for Education, Harry Atmore, the Report aims to create an egalitarian education system. The reforms include the raising of the school leaving age to 15, the establishment of intermediate schools, abolition of scholarship entry to post-primary school and the expansion of the secondary syllabus beyond university entry requirements. The Report also endorses a single national teaching service and equal pay for men and women.
To find out more:
Tunnicliff, S. Atmore, Harry. In Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 11 November 2013 from: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/4a23/atmore-harry
Dalziel’s fascinating book The Origins of New Zealand Diplomacy has an abundance of interesting information about early government in New Zealand. We found the information about the position of Agent-General particularly interesting.
1871 First Agent-General appointed
The Agent-General is New Zealand’s first permanent overseas representative. There are five Agent-Generals between 1871 and 1905, including Isaac Earl Featherston, Sir Julius Vogel, Frances Dillon Bell, Westby Brook Perceval and William Pember Reeves. In 1905 the title is changed to High Commissioner. (Dalziel, 1975: 13)
Dalziel, R. M. (1975). The origins of New Zealand diplomacy, p. 13. Wellington: Victoria University Press.
Identifying how an event will be historically significant can be difficult when it is initially unfolding. However, considering current events within an historical framework can be useful for understanding their potential impacts. With this in mind, we have been taking note of some of this year’s key events for possible inclusion into the next edition of Nation Dates:
April: Same sex marriage legalised
The Marriage Amendment Act 2013, which legalises same sex marriage is passed 77 votes to 44.
July: Immigration Amendment Act 2013 passed
The new legislation aims to deter people smuggling. However there are concerns, as the new legislation will allow the court to detain groups of 10 or more people, which some see as a breech of civil rights.
August: Fonterra botulism scare
Tests carried out by AgResearch suggest that botulism causing bacteria are present in whey protein produced by dairy giant Fonterra. The whey protein is commonly used in infant formula and the scare causes some trading partners to block New Zealand dairy products. Further tests by the Ministry for Primary Industries reveal that the initial tests were inaccurate.
August: David Shearer resigns as Labour leader
David Shearer steps down from his position as leader of the Labour party, as he does not believe that he has the full confidence of the caucus. In order to elect a new leader Labour has adopted a new model, where the voting ratio has been split 40% caucus, 40% members and 20% unions.
August: Government Communications Security Bureau and related legislation Bill passed
The controversial bill is passed in the house by two votes. The new legislation extends the powers of the SIS and military to gather data on New Zealand citizens. This had been illegal under the previous legislation.
It is always great to hear feedback on Nation Dates and we were very fortunate to receive feedback from MP Simon O’Connor and Dr Sean Palmer, who had read Nation Dates and had some interesting comments and suggestions for our third edition. Of particular interest was the suggestion of two great new dates:
1987 The Order of New Zealand introduced
Signalling the establishment of a uniquely New Zealand Honours System, the Order of New Zealand is the highest honour that can be awarded to a New Zealander. It is awarded to recognise outstanding service to the people of New Zealand in a civil or military capacity. It is a single-class order, restricted to 20 living citizens. An important feature of the medal is that it must be returned to the Crown on the recipient’s death in order to be passed on to a new recipient.
1999 Victoria Cross for New Zealand introduced
The award is introduced to create a New Zealand equivalent to the British Victoria Cross. It is the highest of eight awards for gallantry and bravery introduced in 1999, replacing the 20 British gallantry and bravery awards. In 2007 Corporal Bill (Willie) Apiata becomes the first recipient of the Victoria Cross for New Zealand for his ‘personal courage under fire’ while serving in Afghanistan in 2004.
Although Miriam White (co-author of Nation Dates) is no longer at the Institute, her sister Grace attended the meeting with me and is now working at the Institute full-time. Version three is a long way off, possibly 2015, however, please keep those dates rolling in. In the meantime we are working on Nation Voices, which Niki Lomax and I hope to publish at the end of this year
Big thanks to Mike Crean for reviewing our Second Edition for The Press and the Dominion Post. It was a great review – and I have taken on board his comments regarding the 2011 Rugby World Cup. I actually attended the final in Auckland, and should have known better! The Third Edition will definitely include this date. Sometimes I feel guilty that only mine and Miriam’s names appear on the front of this book because in reality it is New Zealand’s book, and we have benefited enormously from public feedback. So please keep it coming – we really appreciate it.
Have a happy and productive year, lets make the 2013 entries something to celebrate.
Wendy (and Miriam)
We are proud to announce the publication of the second edition of Nation Dates! After receiving a lot of great feedback from those who loved the first edition, we have added 85 new significant dates, and two new chapters (Peace Support Operations and Treaty Settlements).
We’ve also updated the cover, which now folds out to show New Zealand’s ‘genetic code’ – a visualisation of the historic threads. At the back we’ve presented infographics showing the evolution of New Zealand’s land cover and seabed.
Some new additions to our timeline include:
• 1867 – British Victoria Cross awarded to a New Zealander
• 1878 – Land tax introduced
• 1890 – Labour Day established
• 1898 – First New Zealand film
• 1904 – First use of the kiwi as a symbol of the nation
• 1923 – First conservation organisation established
• 2011 – Rena oil spill
• 2012 – Waitangi Tribunal report on the Wai 262 claim released
To purchase a copy, visit Unity books Wellington, or shop online at www.nationdates.org
RRP $35 (GST inclusive)
Wendy and Miriam
The second edition of Nation Dates is under way! We want the book to be the best reflection of our history and identity as a nation. Therefore, we are eager to hear your thoughts on other dates and events that are significant to the shaping of New Zealand.
Some of the suggestions we have already received include;
1777 – Rabbits introduced
1809 – Boyd incident
1904 – First use of the kiwi as an unofficial symbol of the nation
1944 – Annual leave introduced
2011 – Rena oil spill
Any new dates will be most welcome. Please post suggestions on the feedback page. We look forward to hearing from you!
Wendy McGuinness and Miriam White